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What Is Melasma And How Does Melasma Appear?

melasma melasma how does it appear treatment london

Melasma is a condition that occurs predominantly in women and can wreak havoc with the makeup artist within us as it can be hard to cover up. It is increased pigmentation that has a mask-like appearance around the eyes, and can knock the self-confidence of the sufferer.

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Hormone Changes

Melasma is often caused by hormone changes within the body, brought on by pregnancy or the contraceptive pill. It can also be triggered by stress and overexposure to the sun or tanning beds, which can worsen the pigmentation.

Often brown or grey in colour, this condition is the result of estrogen or progesterone stimulating melanocytes (pigment creating cells) to produce more melanin, creating the darker patches of skin.

Along with hormones, genetics can play a part in the development of melasma, as it is hereditary.

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Treatment Options

It is important to understand that there is no miracle cure for melasma, and that any product or treatment advertising this should not be trusted. The pigmentation itself can usually be addressed, but overexposure to UV rays following treatment can result in recurrence. Because of this, it is always recommended that you apply sunscreen every day in order to avoid exacerbating the problem, and try not to be exposed to UV rays for too long.

At PHI Clinic, we carry three skincare ranges that are suitable to treat a variety of conditions. Of these, Obagi is best suited to addressing melasma and other pigmentation issues. This prescription-strength therapy minimises the appearance of melasma as well as providing anti-ageing results.

Laser resurfacing treatments like Lase MD can address photoageing (sun damage) concerns and pigmentation using resveratrol to neutralise the damage done by free radicals and keep collagen production up.

Using long pulses of energy, the Pulsed Dye Laser removes diseased and dead skin to refresh the skin and reduce the appearance of melasma. This V Beam treatment is minimally invasive and works best with multiple sessions.

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