Treating the ageing forehead was one of the main initial concerns of the cosmetic industry, with Botox® being approved for aesthetic application in the early 2000s, initially for use on frown lines. Just after this, in 2006, the first modern dermal filler was approved by the FDA for use, and the injectables industry really came into its own.
Ageing forehead: Forehead lines
Forehead lines run horizontally across the upper face, and are caused by expression, as well as lifestyle factors that influence the laxity of skin, like smoking and diet. They are most visible when the eyebrows are raised and can present as straight or ‘m’ shaped lines.
Frown lines are also referred to as glabella lines or ‘11s’ as they often present as two vertical lines between the heads of the brow. They are aptly labelled as frown lines as they are most visible during a frown, but can become static, or ‘etched in’ as collagen and elastin synthesis in the skin reduce over time.
Treating the ageing forehead
At PHI, we use a variety of treatments to address lines on the upper face, including Botox®, dermal fillers, and laser resurfacing.
Botox® is most effectively used on dynamic lines, which are visible upon expression but not at rest. It works by relaxing targeted muscles in the face to reduce how much they move in expression, which in turn smooths the overlying skin for a reduction in the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Dermal fillers are used to add volume to an area, which makes them more appropriate for treating static lines, that are visible even upon rest, than Botox®.
Laser resurfacing is a wrinkle treatment that doesn’t involve needles, making it an effective non-surgical alternative to Botox® or dermal fillers. Resurfacing improves the texture and tone of skin as well as improving laxity that causes fine lines in the upper face.