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Wrinkles: Causes and treatment

Wrinkles are visible lines, creases, or folds that appear on the skin's surface. They are a natural part of the ageing process and can occur in various areas of the body, but they are most commonly associated with the face, neck, hands, and forearms.

What causes wrinkles?

Wrinkles form as a result of a combination of factors, including ageing, repeated facial expressions, sun exposure, smoking and environmental factors.


  • Ageing: As we age, the skin naturally becomes less elastic and resilient. The production of collagen and elastin, which are proteins responsible for maintaining the skin's structure and elasticity, decreases over time. This leads to the thinning and weakening of the skin, making it more prone to wrinkling.


  • Facial expressions: Repeated facial expressions, such as smiling, frowning, and squinting, can contribute to the development of wrinkles. Over time, the repetitive muscle contractions associated with these expressions can cause lines and creases to form.


  • Sun exposure: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is a major contributor to premature skin ageing and the development of wrinkles. Prolonged and unprotected sun exposure can damage the skin's collagen and elastin fibres, leading to the breakdown of these supportive structures and the formation of wrinkles.


  • Smoking: Smoking accelerates the ageing process of the skin and contributes to the development of wrinkles. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can restrict blood flow to the skin, decrease collagen production, and impair the skin's ability to heal and regenerate.


  • Environmental factors: Other environmental factors, such as pollution and exposure to harsh weather conditions, can also contribute to the formation of wrinkles. These external factors can cause oxidative stress and inflammation, which can accelerate the breakdown of collagen and elastin.

Wrinkles treatment before and afters

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Dermal fillers for wrinkles

Dermal fillers provide numerous benefits when it comes to reducing the appearance of wrinkles. Firstly, they offer immediate results, with visible improvements noticed right after the treatment. By injecting fillers directly into the skin, they plump up the affected areas, filling in wrinkles and fine lines. This leads to a smoother and more youthful appearance. 


Dermal fillers are also versatile, as they can be used to target specific areas like the forehead, nasolabial folds, or marionette lines. Another advantage is that the effects are long-lasting but not permanent, giving individuals flexibility in maintaining their desired look. Overall, dermal fillers offer a quick, effective, and customisable solution for reducing wrinkles.

Laser treatment for wrinkles

Laser treatment for wrinkles offers several benefits that make it a popular choice for individuals seeking to rejuvenate their skin. Firstly, laser therapy is a non-invasive procedure, meaning there are no incisions or sutures involved, resulting in minimal downtime and discomfort. Secondly, laser treatments stimulate collagen production, a vital protein responsible for skin elasticity and firmness. 


By increasing collagen levels, lasers can reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, leading to a smoother and more youthful complexion. PHI Clinic has fantastic treatments for wrinkles like Ultraclear and ultrasound treatments such as the Ultraformer that can precisely target specific areas, allowing for customised and effective treatment plans. Overall, laser therapy offers a safe, efficient, and long-lasting solution for combating wrinkles and achieving a more youthful appearance.

Anti-wrinkle treatment

Anti-wrinkle injections, commonly referred to as Botox or botulinum toxin injections, are a popular cosmetic procedure used to temporarily reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines on the face. The injections work by blocking nerve signals in the muscles, causing them to relax and temporarily preventing muscle contractions that contribute to the formation of wrinkles.


  • Consultation: The first step is to consult with a qualified healthcare professional or aesthetic practitioner. During the consultation, you can discuss your concerns, desired outcomes, and any medical history or allergies that may affect the suitability of the treatment.


  • Treatment planning: The practitioner will assess your facial muscles and determine the appropriate injection sites based on your specific concerns. Common treatment areas include forehead lines, frown lines (between the eyebrows), and crow's feet (lines around the eyes).


  • Administration: Using a fine needle, the practitioner will administer small amounts of botulinum toxin into the targeted muscles. The treatment is generally well-tolerated, and discomfort is minimal. Some practitioners may offer a topical anaesthetic or cold compress to further minimise any discomfort.


  • Results and recovery: The effects of the injections are not immediate and usually take a few days to start appearing. Over the next 1-2 weeks, you will notice a gradual improvement in the appearance of wrinkles, with smoother and more relaxed skin. The results typically last for 3-4 months, after which the muscle activity gradually returns, and repeat treatments are required to maintain the effects.

Are there any side effects to wrinkle treatment?

While generally safe, there can be potential side effects or risks associated with anti-wrinkle injections, such as temporary bruising, redness, or muscle weakness. It's crucial to have the procedure performed by a qualified and experienced professional to ensure safety and achieve desired results.


It's recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or aesthetic practitioner who can assess your specific needs and provide personalised advice and guidance regarding anti-wrinkle injections.

Anti-wrinkle injections patient testimonial

10 years younger filler treatment

How to get rid of wrinkles?

Getting rid of wrinkles entirely is not possible, as they are a natural part of the aging process. However, there are various approaches you can take to minimise the appearance of wrinkles and promote a more youthful-looking complexion. Here are some strategies to consider:


  • Skincare routine: Establish a consistent skincare routine that includes cleansing, moisturising, and protecting your skin from the sun. Use products that contain ingredients like retinoids, antioxidants (such as vitamin C and E), and hyaluronic acid, which can help improve skin texture and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.


  • Sun protection: Protecting your skin from the sun is crucial in preventing premature aging and reducing the formation of wrinkles. Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 every day, even on cloudy days, and reapply it every two hours when outdoors. Wearing protective clothing and seeking shade during peak sun hours can also help.


  • Healthy lifestyle choices: Adopting a healthy lifestyle can contribute to overall skin health and minimise the signs of aging. Get enough sleep, stay hydrated, eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.


  • Avoid repetitive facial movements: Repeated facial expressions and movements can contribute to the formation of wrinkles over time. Be mindful of squinting, frowning, and other facial gestures, and try to relax those muscles when possible.


  • Moisturise regularly: Keeping your skin well-hydrated can help improve its elasticity and reduce the appearance of fine lines. Choose a moisturiser that suits your skin type and apply it daily, especially after cleansing.

Safe and effective treatment

Your safety is our top priority and making our patients feel welcomed and reassured when entering PHI Clinic. To ensure maximum standard of patient care, all of our treatments are only ever carried out by our experienced and highly qualified team, who receive regular in-house and external training from industry experts.


At PHI Clinic we do not offer same day treatment as initial consultation to ensure patients have time to reflect on their bespoke treatment plan before choosing to proceed.

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Wrinkle treatment frequently asked questions


PHI Clinic
102 Harley Street,
W1G 7JB,
United Kingdom

Tel: +44 7883 317963

Opening Hours

Monday & Tuesday - 9:30am to 6:00pm
Wednesday & Thursday - 9:30am to 8:00pm
Friday - 9:30am to 5:30pm
Saturday & Sunday - Closed

Opening times can change, if your appointment is outside of these times please contact the clinic for confirmation.